The goals of the current research project, which began in 2016, are to understand how Neanderthals were culturally adapted to life at Crvena Stijena. We are working to learn more about where they traveled on the landscape to obtain rocks for their stone tools; how they made stone tools and if their technology was influenced by other groups of people in other parts of Europe; how the types of animals they hunted changed through time; how they prepared meat (did they cook it? smoke it? ferment it?); how they used fire and whether they had the ability to make fire. Additionally, we are reconstructing the paleoenvironment of the site and the surrounding region to better understand the conditions that the Neanderthals had to adapt to.
In order to answer these questions to attain our goals, the first step is documenting the chronostratigraphy. This figure shows a recent reconstruction of the chronostratigraphy at the site. 1
1= Figure credit: Robert Whallon and Eugène Morin, “Eleven Years of Research at Crvena Stijena: Synthesis of the Results,” in Crvena Stijena in Cultural and Ecological Context: Multidisciplinary Archaeological Research in Montenegro (Podgorica: Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts and National Museum of Montenegro, 2017), 450–55. Figure 19.1